The picture depicts the master's two loves - beloved Bella and the native town of Vitebsk. The streets of the city are represented by houses that are separated by a high dark fence.
Mark and Bella are flying over Vitebsk. Of course, the first thing that comes to mind when looking at the canvas is — flight is a metaphor for love that inspires the heroes and elevates them above everyday life (represented in the form of a city landscape with a goat and a man with pants down) .
But flight is also the passage of time, where the heroes, picked up by air currents, are powerless in the face of historical circumstances. These are memories, dreams, in which Mark and Bella are immersed. This is the state: contemplation, non-participation, detachment.
Vitebsk here is such a full-fledged participant in the plot, like Mark with Bella, like goat with man. Depending on the interpretation of the flight, the image of the city also acquires different facets. This is the city as such, with bustle and everyday concerns.
This is also a metaphor for life, the events that take place. This is also a certain background, on which the theses about that the most important things are not things stand out more clearly. It is also a casket of memories of childhood, youth and adult years (after all, Vitebsk is Chagall's native city, where he repeatedly returned).